Tirunelveli Muncipal Corporation is responsible for the City, the two adjoining municipalities of Palayamkottai and Melapalayam, and twelve other towns of approximately 20,000 population each.
The Corporation is responsible for 475 miles of roads. Most are single carriageway, but National Highway NH7 to the port town Thoothukudi is dual carriageway. Motorised vehicle ownership for the District in 2011 was 24% of households for two wheelers and 3% for four wheelers.
One third of commutes to work are on foot. In Tirunelveli District bicycle ownership averaged 46% of households. In 2015, 650 buses were operated in Tirunelveli District by Tamil Nadu State Corporation and 275 were registered to private operators, as well as 250 mini buses. There were 4,000 taxis, 3,000 maxicabs and over 8,500 registered auto-rickshaws.
The average household size in Tamil Nadu is 3.5 persons. 55% of households do not have their own toilet.